EFFECTS OF PARENTAL NEGLECTS AND SOCIETAL ATTITUDES ON THE ECONOMICS EMPOWERMENT OF ADOLESCENTS
1.1 Background to the Study
In recent years the United Nation Organisation has introduced a number of policy papers aimed at transforming the children’s social care system (Wilkison and Bowyer, 2017). Much of this reform began in 2000 with the publication of Adoption: A new approach. More recently, major changes have been introduced through the Family Justice Review and the recent publication of Putting Children First. This came up as there is an apparent observations that buttress the fact that many children are suffering from parental neglect and societal negative behaviour.
In a recent post made by Child Family Community Australia (CFCA) (2019) on their website, it was explained that adolescent neglect refers to any behaviour by parents, caregivers, other adults or older adolescents that is outside the norms of conduct and entails a substantial risk of causing physical or emotional harm to an adolescent or young person. Such behaviours may be intentional or unintentional and can include acts of omission (i.e., neglect) and commission (i.e., abuse). The five main subtypes of adolescent abuse and neglect are physical abuse, emotional maltreatment, neglect, sexual abuse, and witnessing family violence. Child Family Community Australia (2019) further explained that adolescent neglect can lead to a wide range of adverse consequences for young people.
According to the World Health Organization; adolescent age is the period between ages 10 to 19 years, these period is associated with biological changes such as puberty, social and psychological changes associated with awareness of sexuality (Adeyemo and Ogunlowo, 2018). Neglect and physical abuse are common important modifiable psychosocial causes of comorbidity in adolescent living in Nigeria. This has been seen how human trafficking is common through the route of Okerete, Saki, and Oyo; where adolescents who are neglected by their parents are used to make money for other Nigerians (Adeyemo and Ogunlowo, 2018).
According to Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (2019), adolescent abuse and neglect result from the interaction of a number of individual, family, societal, and environmental factors. Adolescent abuse and neglect are not inevitable—safe, stable, and nurturing relationships and environments are key for prevention. Preventing adolescent abuse and neglect can also prevent other forms of violence, as various types of violence are interrelated and share many risk and protective factors, consequences, and effective prevention tactics. Using a public health approach, we can prevent child maltreatment before it starts.
Maxey and Beckert (2016) defines adolescent as a time of marked biological changes, cognitive adjustments, and social transitions. While not all youth experience these transformations equally, disproportionately more young people with disabilities are prone to challenges than their typically developing peers. As a result, this study intends to look into the effects of parental neglect and societal attitude on economic empowerment of adolescents.
The neglected adolescents are left to have no futures as they might have used all their golden periods to be wandering about or serving other members. They may suffer basic educational needs and the basic trio of human life; food shelter and clothing. In the north, the neglected adolescents are known to be Almajiris, in the south, they are known to be house helps while in the East, they are known to be runs girls (prostitutes). On this, the researcher intends to carry out a study on effects of parental neglect and societal attitude on economic empowerment of adolescents senior secondary school.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The role of parents and society in the achievement of every child go a long way. This is because every child is the product of his society and the smallest unit of every society is the home. A child who lacks parental and societal care may not be useful in the society he belongs. When he grows to the stage of adolescent, he may lacks necessary guide from those who are where withal. An adolescent who is denied this societal guide, is tend to have a set-back in his life pursuit. If such adolescent now become a victim of neglected parents and negative social attitudes, the psychological effects will be too much and this is liable to affect his life success; his academic pursuit economic empowerment acquisition skills will be affected. On this, the researcher intends to carry out a study on the effects of parental neglect and societal attitude on economic empowerment of adolescents.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of parental neglect and societal attitude on empowerment of adolescents. Also, this study tends to find out the results of parental neglect and societal attitudes on economic empowering of adolescent. In nutshell, this study intends to investigate:
- The effects of parental neglect on economic empowerment of adolescents,
- the effects of societal attitude on economic empowerment of adolescents, and
- suggested solutions to the challenges
1.4 Significance of the Study
The study on the effects of parental neglect and societal attitude on economic empowerment of adolescents is significant on:
- Adolescents: The findings of this study will help to educate neglected adolescents who parents about the need for them to report their problem to other family members and social welfare officers for assistance instead of losing hope of empowerment strength.
- Government: The findings of this study will help the government to know the effects of parents and negative social attitude, especially neglected adolescents that should be provided to help these them in solving their empowerment problems.
iii. Public and Private Individuals: The study will be of immense benefit to both the public and private individuals who are greatly convinced about the rate of increase in divorce in Nigeria as a whole.
- School Authorities: The findings also would be of great help to the school authorities to know how they can render assistance to neglected adolescents on how they can be self empowered if business owners rejected them.
1.5 Research Questions
- What are the effects of parental neglects on the economic empowerment of adolescent?
- What are the influences of negative societal attitudes on the economic empowerment of adolescent?
- Of what effects is good attitudes to adolescent?
1.6 Scope of the study
This research focuses on the effects of parental neglect and societal attitude on economics empowerment of adolescents. The study will be to Oyo Metropolis of Oyo State
1.7 Definition of Terms
Neglects: This means inattentiveness of parents to adolescents
Parents: In this study, it means the biological family of individuals adolescent Social Attitudes: This means the actions and reactions of the members of the society to individuals adolescent.
School: This is a building dedicated for teaching-learning process. The school contains different classes for different level of students.
Economic empowerment: This means the financial sustainability that the adolescent makes through an employment he creates for himself.
This study assessed the effects of parental neglect and societal attitude on economic empowerment of adolescents in Oyo metropolis of Oyo State. The reason for the assessment based on concern of the researcher on what the neglected adolescent are passing through. The research design used for the study was descriptive survey. Also, the instrument used was questionnaire titled “Effects of parental neglect and societal attitude on empowerment of adolescents” (EPNSEA). The validity and reliability of the study was based affirmed on the experts and supervisor proof reading and offering of professional advice. Hundred (100) respondents were sampled for this study. The respondents were senior secondary school students in the selected schools in Oyo metropolis of Oyo State which was the case study. According to the research findings, it was established that many of the respondents stayed with their parents and they showed them love and care. The finding also showed that average number of the children were allowed to learn entrepreneurial skills by their parents through some of the children were not allowed to learn entrepreneurial skills and anytime they were shown negative attitude, they do wish they were not born to this world. Also, many of them were not rejected from the place they were taken to, to learn entrepreneurial skills. Conclusively, many people were interested in selling goods for them despite their and also friends and family of more than average of them believed that they cannot excel in school and in their place of skill acquisition but most of the students will excel in their academic career and skill acquisition training if they were shown good attitude.
KEY WORDS: Effect, Parental Neglect, Societal Attitude, Economic Empowerment, Adolescents