THE ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT WITH PERSONS WITH LEARNING DISABILITY IN OYO WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT

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Recently, Nigeria is open to menace of insecurity. The south-south is experiencing a threat from kidnappers, the Northern zone at large is experiencing suicide bombing female molestation. The result of this is due to the effect unemployment, poor economic situation and loses of hope in economic survival in Nigeria. Meanwhile, Nigeria is endowed with viable economic opportunities that both individual and government can exploit to solve the challenge of economic dexterity in Nigeria.

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INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

For some years back, increasing attention has focused on schools and how it can contribute to improving teaching and learning experiences and thus to the attainment of better learning outcomes for all learners, including those with special educational needs. Furthermore, the role of special education in promoting more inclusive and caring societies has been noted (Skroten, 2001). Attention initially centred on students with special educational needs in primary and secondary schools; however, with more and more of these students taking up opportunities to study after school, the focus has moved to -special education in tertiary institutions of learning as well.

Research on the experiences of students with special educational needs has largely focused on either one particular group of students, such as students with a particular disability, or on students with disabilities in general. Thus, the findings of such studies are often either limited to a particular group or are too general. Not many studies have attempted to compare the experiences of students with different educational needs without being too general in their approach. As a result, this study aims to look to the roles of entrepreneurship skills in the life of students with learning disability.

Naturally, when learning disabled students experience difficulties in the learning environment, they still keep struggling with the intention of coping so that they may have basic educational requirements often not with the intention of gaining office work but with the intention of being able to cope with the societal need.

Doh (2015) submits that the concept of entrepreneurship was first established in the 1700s, and the meaning has evolved ever since. Many simply equate it with starting one’s own business. Most economists believe it is more than that. To some economists, the entrepreneur is one who is willing to bear the risk of a new venture if there is a significant chance for profit. Others emphasize the entrepreneur’s role as an innovator who markets his innovation. Still other economists say that entrepreneurs develop new goods or processes that the market demands and are not currently being supplied. Doh (2015) further states that ‘in the 20th century, economist Joseph Schumpeter (1883-1950) focused on how the entrepreneur’s drive for innovation and improvement creates upheaval and change. Schumpeter viewed entrepreneurship as a force of “creative destruction.” The entrepreneur carries out “new combinations,” thereby helping render old industries obsolete. Established ways of doing business are destroyed by the creation of new and better ways to do them. Business expert Peter Drucker                                                                                                                                   (1909-2005) took this idea further, describing the entrepreneur as someone who actually searches for change, responds to it, and exploits change as an opportunity. A quick look at changes in communications from typewriters to personal computers to the Internet illustrates these ideas.

Most economists today agree that entrepreneurship is a necessary ingredient for stimulating economic growth and employment opportunities in all societies. In the developing world like Nigeria, successful small businesses are the primary engines of job creation, income growth, and poverty reduction.

Children with learning disabilities have neurologically-based managing issues that change the manner in which they receive, process or communicate information. These managing or processing issues can impede the learning of basic essential skills like writing, math and/or reading. Higher level skills like time planning and management, short or long term memory and concentration, organization and conceptual reasoning may also be affected. Learning disabilities affect not only the academics part of life but can also affect social aspects such as relations with friends, family and colleagues. Based on this, many employers do hesitate to employ them in their companies. This has resulted to a state where there are many learned learning disabled persons but cannot work with their certificate. However, American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (2015) submits that children with learning disabilities have an average or above average intellect. But a gap exists between the person’s capability and actual accomplishments; hence they are also known as hidden disabilities. Despite the fact that there is no permanent cure for learning disability, persons with learning disabilities are believed to still be able to handle business that will suffice them for providing for their daily needs. This can be achieved if they are provided with suitable assistance on entrepreneurial skills which will make them self dependent.

Apart from the fact that most companies do hesitate to employ those with learning disabilities, government has also been lackadaisical in the aspect of job creation which is one of the cardinal objectives of every government. No doubt, job creation helps an economy to achieve full employment and economic growth and development, which is one of the economical objectives of every nation. But, Nigeria has been bedevilled with high unemployment rate, which has become worrisome to government and other stakeholders. However, Nigeria as country has numerous business and investment potentials due to the abundant, vibrant and dynamic human and natural resources it possesses. The necessity of sustaining living calls for all positive means of finding alternative to government work. Among these alternatives is entrepreneurship. On this, it is essential to look into the roles of entrepreneurship in economic development of person with learning disabilities.

 

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Recently, Nigeria is open to menace of insecurity. The south-south is experiencing a threat from kidnappers, the Northern zone at large is experiencing suicide bombing female molestation. The result of this is due to the effect unemployment, poor economic situation and loses of hope in economic survival in Nigeria. Meanwhile, Nigeria is endowed with viable economic opportunities that both individual and government can exploit to solve the challenge of economic dexterity in Nigeria.

Also, Entrepreneurship is a business that allows man to source for money in the way he believes most that he can source for it. As a result, entrepreneurship skill allows learning disabilities to engage in business of their own choice. As a result, the researcher comes up with the topic on the roles of entrepreneurship in economic development of persons with learning disabilities. The question that bothers the mind of the researcher is what is the contribution of entrepreneurship to the economic development of persons with learning disabilities or more importantly how has the multiplicity of small and medium enterprises bettered the living standard of persons with learning disabilities.

 

1.3 Purpose of the Study

This presentation intends to;

  1. Evaluate the concept of entrepreneurship,
  2. Assess the practice of entrepreneurship development in Nigeria and
  • Examine the role of entrepreneurship in the economic growth and development of persons with learning disabilities.

 

1.4 Research Questions

  1. To what extent does Nigerians understand the importance of entrepreneurship to economic development of persons with learning disabilities in Oyo West Local Government?
  2. To what extent does persons with learning disabilities engage in small and medium enterprises in Oyo West Local Government?
  3. Of what importance is the role of entrepreneurship to the economic growth and development of persons with learning disabilities in Oyo West Local Government?

 

1.5 Significance of the Study

Economic survival is a must of individual and sundry in every world not considering the type of disability the individual has. It also assists in reducing crime rate and social vices in every society. As a result, it is believed that this research work is significant to the Nigeria as a country as this will serve as self-employment for the Nigerians youths who are learning disabled.

Also, it will be an eye opener for students who are graduates but remain unemployed to tap an idea into business that they can start up by themselves and manage successfully.

Conclusively, this paper is significant as it will aid youths in general to think beyond seeking for salary jobs.

1.6 Limitation of the Study

This research is limited to Oyo West Local Governments. The logistics behind the limitation include time factor and financial state of the researcher.

1.7 Operational Definition of Terms

– Entrepreneurship: This means a personal business setup mostly by individual with the intention of sustaining a living or augmenting present income

– SMEs: This means Small and Medium Enterprises

– Economic development; This means bringing profit and progress to economic situation of Nigeria

– Learning Disabilities: in this study, it means a condition giving rise to difficulties in acquiring knowledge and skills to the level expected of those of the same age.

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